Why We Get Dark Spots
There Can Be Several Reasons ...
There can be different reasons for dark spots on the face. The most common cause is sun damage. Brown spots from sun damage usually appear on areas of the skin that are naturally exposed to the sun, such as the face and the back of the neck and arms. The best way to prevent dark spots from sun damage is to use sunscreen with UVA protection and limit your time in direct sunlight.
Occassionally, hormones and hormones in birth control medication and well as pregnanacy can have an affect on skin pigmentation. They can cause existing brown spots to darken or cause new ones. This skin condition is called melasma. If this happens, talk to your health care provider about options for birth control.
Rarely, brown spots can be skin cancer, so it’s always important tell your primary care provider or dermatologist (skin doctor) if you notice any changes with your skin.
There are two types of Ultra Violoet rays that reach the earch, UVA and UVB (the sun also emits UVC rays but these rays are absorebed by the earth's atmosphere). UVA rays are ones that cause tanning as well as wrinkles, and the UVB rays cause sunburn and skin cancer. Both ultimately damage your skin.
When UV rays rach your skin, they interact with your melanin, a natural chemical in your skin that is your firstline of protection. Your melanin absorbes the rays and the chemical reaction is what gives you a tan. Once the damaging rays exceen the protection provided by your melanin, you get a sunburn.
This processes speeds up dehydration of your skin and increase the rate your body loses collagen and elastin, the natural occuring chemical in your body that gives your skin it's snap and firmness. Once this process begins, you may see fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, discoloration and rough skin patches.
Try these tips to avoid further sun damage:
Wear Sunsceen every day, even if it's raining or snowing! Shape Magazine says: "About 80 percent of the average person's lifetime sun exposure is incidental—which means it occurs during daily activities, not lying on the beach. If you're planning on being out in the sun for longer than 15 minutes, make sure to use a sunscreen with SPF 30."
Avoid being outside when the UV rays are strongest, between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. (Tip: Check your shadow. If it's very short, it's a bad time to be outside.)
The Skin Cancer Foundation Says: " HYDRATE! Summer exposure to sun, chlorine, and salt water can dry out your skin - even the heels of your feet can be affected. Try a hand and body cream, and, for the heels, a moisturizing foot cream. A moisturizer with AHA or facial serum with hyaluronic acid can plump up dry skin around the eyes, making skin instantly appear less wrinkled. Continued use may help stimulate the production of new collagen, a protein that helps give skin its texture and appearance."
Eat wild salmon. This fish is an outstanding source of the carotenoid antioxidant known as astaxanthin, (1000 times more effective than Vitamin E), which helps to repair damage from UV rays and keep skin radiant and youthful. The omega 3 essential fatty acids in salmon also act as powerful, protective anti-inflammatories. Salmon, mackerel, trout, herring and sardines are also rich sources of omega 3 fatty acids that can protect skin from deadly melanoma and other forms of skin cancer from sunburn.
Sylvana Excels In the Art and Science of Banishing Wrinkles
Wrinkles are a fact of life. As we age our skin becomes thinner and more fragile. That’s where the fine wrinkles begin. These are the wrinkles we all recognize as crêpe-y skin around the eyes and surface fine lines that can show up anywhere. The sun causes these wrinkles, but aging also does its part as collagen production diminishes and gravity takes its toll. Then there are the deep wrinkles from nose to lip, across the brow, between the eyebrows and so-called smoker’s lines around the lips. Squinting, frowning and even laughing cause these often deep and intractable wrinkles to develop over time.